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Post Positivism. Social Science Research Paradigms--Positivism and Interpretivism. Positivism: predicts; Interpretivism: understands; Critical orientation: emancipates; Poststructurialism: deconstructs. Differences between Positivism and Interpretivism. Ontology, epistemology, positivism and interpretivism are concepts dreaded by many, especially when it comes to discussing them in a research paper or assingment Here I explain each one, as well as their relationship to each other. This is generally regarded as a “scientific” approach with methods used that are highly organised, measurable … It is therefore important to understand these paradigms, their origins and principles, and to decide which is appropriate for a … The key features of positivism and social constructionism philosophical approaches are presented in the following table by Ramanathan (2008). Having invested some more energy concentrate the zones of Positivism and Interpretivist in the territory of instructive research I have dissected the fundamental contrasts between the two methodologies with the goal that I can figure out where my position may lie. The study of social phenomenon requires an understanding of the social worlds that people inhabit and the meanings they produce. Positivism: Social Constructionism: The observer: Must be independent: Is part of what is being observed: Human interests: Should be irrelevant: Are the main drivers of science: Explanations: Interpretivism is prefering humanistic qualitative methods. Positivism And Interpretivism. Interpretivism is in direct opposition to positivism; it originated from principles developed by Kant and values subjectivity. There are two main paradigms that underpin social science research. Positivism and interpretivism. But not all social scientists use the same methodology. Interpretivism is proposed as an alternative philosophy to criticize positivism, that is mainly found in the social science, and its opposition to the application of neutral observations, universal laws in natural sciences to social science research (Saunders et al., 2007). Positivism 00:26 SHORT ANSWER: In social researchs, Positivitism is prefering scientific quantitative methods. Researchers who adopt this philosophy consider reality as socially constructed, that is, their meaning of reality is affected by their values and their way to see the world; other people’s meaning; the compromises and agreements that come out of the negotiations between the first two (Fisher, 2007). Background There are three commonly known philosophical research paradigms used to guide research methods and analysis: positivism, interpretivism and critical theory. Being able to justify the decision to adopt or reject a philosophy should be part of the basis of research. Interpretivism This philosophy is on the other extreme of that of positivism.