robert mapplethorpe bio
In 1988, Mapplethorpe selected Patricia Morrisroe to write his biography, which was based on more than 300 interviews with celebrities, critics, lovers, and Mapplethorpe himself. A retrospective of his work in 1989 led to a reexamination of government support of the arts. Februar 2016, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Mapplethorpe&oldid=204489110, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Eventually, the OFLC board agreed unanimously that the book, imported from the United States, should remain freely available and unrestricted. After the Corcoran refused the Mapplethorpe exhibition, the underwriters of the exhibition went to the nonprofit Washington Project for the Arts, which showed all the images in its space from July 21 to August 13, 1989, to large crowds. Robert took areas of dark human consent and made them into art. , Criticism was the subject of a work by American conceptual artist Glenn Ligon, Notes on the Margins of the Black Book (1991–1993). Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Mapplethorpe: assault with a deadly camera : a pop culture memoir, an outlaw reminiscence. November 1946 in Floral Park, New York; † 9. Though much of his work throughout his career had been regularly displayed in publicly funded exhibitions, conservative and religious organizations such as the American Family Association seized on this exhibition to vocally oppose government support for what they called "nothing more than the sensational presentation of potentially obscene material.  The work was largely phallocentric and sculptural, focusing on segments of the subject's bodies. , In May 2007, American writer, director, and producer James Crump directed the documentary film Black White + Gray, which premiered at the 2007 Tribeca Film Festival. Robert Mapplethorpe. Viele Persönlichkeiten ließen sich von ihm porträtieren, unter anderem Andy Warhol, Deborah Harry, Richard Gere, Peter Gabriel, Grace Jones, Paloma Picasso und Patti Smith. pg 326.  They created art together, and maintained a close friendship throughout Mapplethorpe's life. Robert Mapplethorpe (American, 1946–1989) was a photographer who is equally celebrated for his Classical, elegant still lifes as for his frank portrayals of sadomasochism and homoeroticism. Robert Mapplethorpe’s Portraits of Lisa Lyon. The two photographs, which were deemed possibly prosecutable as obscenity, were "Helmut and Brooks, NYC, 1978", which shows anal fisting, and "Jim and Tom, Sausalito, 1977", which is of a man clad in a dog collar, a leather mask and trousers, urinating into another man's mouth. " The hierarchy of the Corcoran and several members of the United States Congress were upset when the works were revealed to them, due to the homoerotic and sadomasochistic themes of some of the work. , In September 1999, Arena Editions published Pictures, a monograph that reintroduced Mapplethorpe's sex pictures.  Mapplethorpe's initial interest in the black male form was inspired by films like Mandingo and the interrogation scene in Cruising, in which an unknown black character enters the interrogation room and slaps the protagonist across the face. New York: Random House, 1995. pgs. It explores the influence Mapplethorpe, curator Sam Wagstaff, and musician/poet Patti Smith had on the 1970s art scene in New York City..  His erotic art explored a wide range of sexual subjects, depicting the BDSM subculture of New York in the 1970s, portrayals of black male nudes, and classical nudes of female bodybuilders. Mamaroneck, NY: Hastings House, 1994. Between 1980 and 1983, Mapplethorpe created over 150 photographs of bodybuilder Lisa Lyon, culminating in the 1983 photobook Lady, Lisa Lyon, published by Viking Press and with text by Bruce Chatwin. Seine ersten Werke enthielten noch keine eigenen Fotos, aber oft Bilder, die er aus Büchern oder Zeitschriften entnommen hatte. Notes. Die beiden zogen zusammen, und Mapplethorpe vertiefte seine Arbeit an eigenen Kunstwerken. The images, erotic depictions of black men, were widely criticized for being exploitative. Zeit Magazin Nr. Dabei waren seine Aufnahmen stets schlicht, vor weißem oder schwarzem Hintergrund fotografiert. He exhibited a great mastery on "how to appreciate a little difference between dark gray and the next brighter gray like a passionate listener can appreciate the difference between ppp, pp, p, mf f ff fff." Paul Martineau, Britta Salvesen(Hrsg. Robert Mapplethorpe (* 4. Nach dem Abschluss der Schule ging er auf Wunsch seiner Eltern an das Pratt Institute.  Insbesondere im angelsächsischen Raum führte die durch die US-amerikanische National Endowment for the Arts (nationale Stiftung zur Kunst- und Kulturförderung) finanzierte Wanderausstellung The Perfect Moment (1988–1990) zu einer Kontroverse, nachdem der konservative, republikanische Senator Jesse Helms durch den Ausstellungskatalog auf die Ausstellung aufmerksam geworden war. His most controversial works documented and examined the homosexual male BDSM subculture of New York City in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He moved in with his best friend, Patti Smith,in 1967. , Nearly a year before his death, the ailing Mapplethorpe helped found the Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation, Inc. His vision for the Foundation was that it would be "the appropriate vehicle to protect his work, to advance his creative vision, and to promote the causes he cared about". https://www.sunsigns.org/famousbirthdays/d/profile/robert-mapplethorpe Robert Mapplethorpe (1946-1989) was a controversial American photographer whose work centered on still lifes (mainly flower images), portraiture, and figurative work which was sexually explicit and sensual.  The ICA was awarded a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts to support Mapplethorpe's exhibit at the Corcoran Gallery of Art.  The Foundation helps determine which galleries represent Mapplethorpe's art. , Patti Smith's 2010 memoir Just Kids focuses on her relationship with Mapplethorpe. Mapplethorpe grew up in a conservative Catholic household nestled in the quiet Queen's suburb of Floral Park. In 2008, Robert Mapplethorpe was named by Equality Forum as one of their 31 Icons of the 2015 LGBT History Month. , Mapplethorpe worked primarily in a studio, and almost exclusively in black and white, with the exception of some of his later work and his final exhibit "New Colors". And if art can be considered a form of free speech, is it a violation of the First Amendment to revoke federal funding on grounds of obscenity? Mapplethorpe was one of six children, with a father who was an electrical engineer. In the 1980s, Wagstaff bought a top-floor loft at 35 West 23rd Street for Robert, where he resided, also using it as a photo-shoot studio. , When Mapplethorpe: A Biography by Patricia Morrisroe was published by Random House in 1995, the Washington Post Book World described it as "Mesmerizing ... Morrisroe has succeeded in re-creating the photographer's world of light and dark. Später sagte er über diese Zeit: „Ich fing an zu verstehen, dass Fotografie Kunst sein könnte.“, Mapplethorpe lebte ein sehr exzessives Leben, das von Drogen und zahlreichen homosexuellen und heterosexuellen Beziehungen geprägt war. His ashes are interred at St. John's Cemetery, Queens in New York City, at his mother's grave-site, etched "Maxey".  Mapplethorpe took many pictures of the Mineshaft and was at one point its official photographer (... "After dinner I go to the Mineshaft. In Japan stellte der Oberste Gerichtshof erst 2008 fest, dass Mapplethorpes erotische Bilder nicht gegen das Pornografieverbot verstießen, und gab einen acht Jahre lang beschlagnahmten Band mit Mapplethorpe-Fotografien frei.. , In 1998, the University of Central England was involved in a controversy when a library book by Mapplethorpe was confiscated. His work featured an array of subjects, including celebrity portraits, male and female nudes, self-portraits, and still-life images. November 1946 in Floral Park, New York; † 9. Während des Studiums lernte er auch Patti Smith kennen und verliebte sich in die damals unbekannte Musikerin und Poetin. Other subjects included flowers, especially orchids and calla lilies, children, statues, and celebrities and other artists, including Andy Warhol, Louise Bourgeois, Deborah Harry, Kathy Acker, Richard Gere, Peter Gabriel, Grace Jones, Amanda Lear, Laurie Anderson, Iggy Pop, Philip Glass, David Hockney, Cindy Sherman, Joan Armatrading, and Patti Smith. Robert Michael Mapplethorpe (/ˈmeɪpəlˌθɔːrp/; November 4, 1946 – March 9, 1989) was an American photographer, best known for his black-and-white photographs.  In 2011, the Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation donated the Robert Mapplethorpe Archive, spanning from 1970 to 1989, to the Getty Research Institute. His father, Harry, worked as an electrical engineer while his mother, Joan, stayed at home raising their six children. Print.  He kept the Bond Street loft as his darkroom. At first, the artist created collages from old photographs, taken from magazines or books. LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL, Wednesday 14 March 2001", "Pictures (book), Australian Classification", "Black White + Gray: A Portrait of Sam Wagstaff and Robert Mapplethorpe – Movie – Review", "Black White + Gray: A Portrait of Sam Wagstaff and Robert Mapplethorpe – Tribeca Film Festival", "Art Doc of the Week | Black White + Gray", "Raf Simons Salutes Robert Mapplethorpe, a Fellow Provocateur", "Raf Simons Spring 2017 Menswear Fashion Show", "Mapplethorpe: Look at the Pictures review – justice is done to a brilliant photographer", "Mapplethorpe: Look at the Pictures – film review: 'Appreciative and frank, "Mapplethorpe: Look At The Pictures, film review: a documentary that tackles sexuality", "Film Review: 'Mapplethorpe: Look at the Pictures, "Review: 'Mapplethorpe: Look at the Pictures' on HBO Gives Context to Controversy", "Matt Smith to play photographer Robert Mapplethorpe in biopic", "Auction record for Mapplethorpe as Christie's introduces two new sales", "Robert Mapplethorpe – Biography – Gladstone Gallery", "ART TOWER MITO | CONTEMPORARY ART GALLERY | Exhibitions | Robert Mapplethorpe", "ROBERT MAPPLETHORPE: Pictures, Pictures – Marc Selwyn Fine Art", "Robert Mapplethorpe and the Classical Tradition: Photographs and Mannerist Prints", "Robert Mapplethorpe – Artists – Skarstedt Gallery", "Robert Mapplethorpe Curated by Robert Wilson", "Polaroids: Mapplethorpe : Block Museum of Art", "The Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation – Henry Art Gallery – October 25, 2009 – January 31, 2010", "Sterling Ruby, Sterling Ruby / Robert Mapplethorpe (2009) | Exhibition | Xavier Hufkens", "ARTIST ROOMS: Robert Mapplethorpe – Graves Gallery", "The Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation – NRW-Forum Kultur und Wirtschaft Düsseldorf – February 6 – August 15, 2010", "Lomography – Mapplethorpe Curated by Almodóvar", "Robert Mapplethorpe / ONASSIS CULTURAL CENTRE", "ARTIST ROOMS: Robert Mapplethorpe Scottish tour", "In Focus: Robert Mapplethorpe (Getty Center Exhibitions)", "Warhol and Mapplethorpe: Exploring Gender as Disguise and Identity", "Robert Mapplethorpe: The Perfect Medium | LACMA", "opening of the exhibitions: Dangerous Art", 26 Photos: Mapplethorpe, Photography and Sculpture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Mapplethorpe&oldid=991000388, People from the Flatiron District, Manhattan, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2018, Articles that may be too long from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
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